Tightening up controls on offenders
A Certificate of Conviction states that the convicted person is subject to the requirements of the Sex Offenders Act, Information on post-release supervision is available in our document ' Monitoring sex offenders in Ireland '. These notification requirements are set down in Part 2 of the Sex Offenders Act If someone is subject to the sex offender notification requirements and is in prison for any offence, the prison must notify the Garda Commissioner at least 10 days before the prisoner is due to be released.
A copy of the form is sent to the offender and a copy is kept at the Garda station. If you are sentenced to a term of imprisonment and part of that term is suspended, you are considered to be sentenced to the part not suspended. They can only apply for this cancellation after at least 10 years have passed since they were released from custody. They apply to cancel the requirement on the grounds that the common good is no longer served by continuing to subject them to these requirements.
They must notify the Garda Superintendent in the area where they live of their intention to apply to cancel these notification requirements.
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Previous research indicates that the meticulous monitoring of sex offender treatment is an important facet of sex offender supervision and that sex offenders who stop attending treatment have higher recidivism rates. The researchers recommend that parole authorities strictly monitor and enforce weekly class attendance.
Sex Offenders Register
Use graduated sanctions that balance cost and risk. Instantly sending someone back to prison for a minor violation is costly. The researchers recommend that CDCR — rather than issuing blanket parole revocations and sentencing violators to go back to prison for a few months at a time — employ a graduated sanctions system for dealing with parole violations. Such a system weighs the gravity of the offense against the need to preserve public safety, thereby increasing the likelihood that a parolee with a serious violation is incarcerated, while one who presents less danger is still sanctioned but in a less restrictive, less costly manner for example, by imposing a home curfew on the offender.
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The researchers added that California is in the process of piloting a new, structured decision-making system for dealing with parole violations, which will allow parole agents to scientifically weigh an offender's risk level and the benefits of alternatives to prison as part of their decision-making process.
Mandate the use of zones.
Sex Offender Crackdown Is Tied to Trend - Los Angeles Times
The researchers also found that parole agents were neglecting to use inclusion and exclusion zones. Such zones are intended to keep parolees either within certain areas, such as home and work, or away from certain places, such as schools or parks that attract many children.
In the process evaluation, the researchers found that only 60 percent of parole officers always or often discussed the limits of inclusion zones, and only half discussed exclusion zone limits. The researchers argue that the use of zones may be the most important GPS tool because the application of zones allows parole officers to be alerted to specific offender movements. Thus, they recommend making the zones compulsory.
Use a monitoring center to screen alerts. The large majority of parole agents 89 percent reported in the survey that GPS monitoring was more time-intensive than traditional supervision. Until fairly recently, officers were receiving alerts when offenders tampered with the GPS device or committed other detectable violations. These alerts might also have included incidents such as an offender being in the basement of a building, sounding an "alarm" simply because someone was out of reach of the GPS monitoring system for a few minutes.
From January until December , paroled California sex offenders generated 1. The researchers noted that according to an internal CDCR document, officers spend 44 percent of their time monitoring movements by GPS and only 12 percent of their time in the field. To help remove the burden on agents of responding to "minor" alerts, California switched to a centralized monitoring system in Under the new system, two vendor-operated centers screen the thousands of GPS alerts that agents receive each month and respond to the more technical alerts, such as a battery that has run too low.
The centers forward alerts that are more serious to parole officers, allowing officers to focus more closely on direct supervision and on responding to real threats to community safety. Limit caseload to GPS increases the information that officers receive about parolees, but reviewing this information is time-consuming and reduces the time available for direct supervision. As noted, agents spend only about 12 percent of their time in the field.
Sex offender registries in the United States
According to the researchers, the best way to ensure that parole agents have sufficient time to directly supervise offenders is to limit the caseloads of GPS parole agents. In fact, the researchers found in their outcome evaluation that the size of the caseload was correlated with parole violations and with parolees returning to custody.
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Therefore, the researchers recommend smaller caseloads of no more than 20 people per officer. Finally, the researchers noted that GPS monitoring is not a panacea. The systems can give false positives for violations. For example, sometimes a monitored offender "disappears" simply because he is in an underground location, forgets to recharge the battery that powers the system, or even decides to go to sleep under an electric blanket that disrupts the GPS signal. In these instances, the system would send an alert even though no criminal activity was taking place.
The researchers also pointed out other possible limitations of their work.